Communal Pathways to Sustainable Living

For details of registration and programme start time see here.

Conference of the International Communal Studies Association (ICSA) Findhorn Community, 26–28 June 2013



Findhorn Foundation Statement

The Findhorn Foundation does not endorse the opinions of presenters at its events. As a charity, we do not support any political parties or organisations, take political positions, or endorse political campaigns or activities. We seek to enable open and constructive dialogue about the issues facing individuals and the world as part of our intention to be a centre for personal and planetary transformation.

After a constructive meeting with both local and national representatives from the Scottish Palestine Solidarity Campaign, the Findhorn Foundation wishes to clarify that it unambiguously supports the principles enshrined in the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the Earth Charter, the UN Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, and all UN conventions, and instruments and principles of international law that relate to the rights of refugees and internally displaced persons. We also wish to state our unequivocal support for racially inclusive communities and communities that honour and celebrate the full diversity of humankind.

We look forward to future dialogues to ensure a deeper understanding of the issues involved.



The conference organisers (ICSA)
wish to share the following statement.

The ICSA is a forum for exchanging scholarship, information, ideas and experiences on intentional community and to do so with respect.

The ICSA is not a venue for furthering political programmes and positions not relevant to the study of intentional community.


ICSA Conference Logo

We will be live streaming (free of charge) the three conference plenary sessions. Please click here for details and registration.
We will also be filming the paper presentation sessions. These will become available as a free download from this Web page at some later date (within a month of the conference).


The Findhorn Foundation and community will proudly host the 11th international conference of the International Communal Studies Association in June 2013, bringing together up to 250 communal scholars and community activists from around the world. The conference and associated events will offer a rare opportunity in a unique communal setting to share academic research and lived experience of collective life in intentional communities such as ecovillages, cohousing, communes, kibbutzim, sectarian communities and housing cooperatives.

The conference title and themes focus on the nexus between community and sustainability. At a time of increased public awareness of the human causes of climate change, there is a critical need for information about, and demonstration of, low impact sustainable lifestyles. Historically, many intentional communities developed materially modest lifestyles in small socially cohesive groups, striving for self-sufficiency and exercising stewardship of their land. Modern day ecovillages, of which Findhorn is a prime example, seek to further reduce their ecological impact by technological, social and other means. This conference will showcase sustainable lifestyles within communal settings and offer a wellspring of data, analysis, ideas and applications to inform and inspire those attending.

In the spirit in which ICSA was founded (see below), the conference will cater for both researchers wishing to present scholarly papers and communards seeking to gather with like-minded souls to share ideas, experiences and inspiration. The programme will therefore include paper presentations and participatory workshops. We also plan much celebratory activity - song, dance, storytelling, performance, etc. We hope that considerable cross pollination will occur amongst participants to help create a rich and memorable event.

Click on the image below to view some moments captured from the 2001 ICSA conference at ZEGG. We believe that this year's conference will have a similar flavour.


ICSA conferences are usually preceded or followed by a three-day tour of other communities and historical sites in the region. In 2013 we wish to vary the format and offer, instead of an extended tour, an opportunity for participants to fully immerse themselves in the culture and practice of the Findhorn Foundation and Community via a three-day 'Taste of Findhorn'. This bespoke programme will be based on our 'Experience Week', the programme we offer to first-time guests. Most participants find this a poignant, heart-opening and, in some cases, life-changing experience.

So the full programme is as follows:
Saturday June 22nd–Monday June 24th: Taste of Findhorn
Tuesday June 25th: Optional tours and/or rest day.
Wednesday June 26th–Friday June 28th: Conference

A conference schedule can be downloaded
by clicking here.


A book of abstracts and proposals
can be downloaded by clicking here.



Tuesday's tours include:

  • Camphill, Aberdeen: An inspiring intentional community (full day tour by coach)
  • The Scottish Highlands: Including historic and sacred sites (full day round trip)
  • Pluscarden Abbey: A residential Benedictine community (half day tour; one hour travel)
  • Findhorn Offspring: Smaller intentional communities in the locality (full day tour)
  • Nature walk: Experience our beautiful natural environment (half or full day on foot)
  • The Park, Findhorn: A walking tour of the ecovillage (2 hours)

A booklet of more detailed information
can be downloaded by clicking here.


Tours can be booked online by clicking here.

Related events:

  • Joanna Macy and Chris Johnstone will be holding a week-long workshop in the Work that Reconnects at Findhorn immediately following the ICSA conference, 29 June - 4 July
  • The Utopian Studies Society (USS) will hold its 2013 annual conference at New Lanark (near Glasgow) immediately following this ICSA conference, for the convenience of those wishing to attend both events.
  • The annual GEN conference will be held in Switzerland, 7–12 July 2013
  • A convoy of conference participants will drive between the ICSA and GEN conferences, stopping at communities along the way. You are welcome to join, even for part of the way. Please contact Katie at for more information or expression of interest.


There are three registration options.

  • Option 1: Full Week Residential
    Includes 'Taste of Findhorn', conference registration, all meals and 7 nights accommodation (but excludes tour costs).
    Tiered price (click here for more information): £625 / £775 / £985

    Tiered Pricing

    Before you book your place, please take a moment to consider that the Findhorn Foundation is a Charitable Trust. We believe that the benefits of holistic learning should be available to everyone regardless of their financial or life situation, and that the transformational journey is enriched by a diversity of participants.

    We recognise that what is affordable for some can be a financial stretch for others and offer a tiered pricing structure. When you book, please select the price that feels appropriate for you.

    Pay it Forward Price covers the cost of your workshop and includes a contribution to our bursary fund. This will make participation possible for one or more people who otherwise would not be able to join our transformational work in the world.

    Sustainable Price covers the cost of your workshop and helps us to sustain our learning and guest facilities.

    Supported Price reflects a partial bursary toward the cost of your workshop and is intended for those with minor financial need.

    Click here to register for Option 1.
  • Option 2: 3-day Conference Only, Non-Residential
    Includes conference registration plus lunch and dinner on conference days (but excludes lodging and tour costs):
    Income related price: £195 / £295 / £395.
    Click here to register for Option 2.
  • Option 3: 3-day Conference Only, Residential
    Includes conference registration, accommodation and meals for three days (but excludes tour costs):
    Income related price: £270 / £370 / £470.
    Click here to register for Option 3.

Those choosing Option 2 will need to find their own accommodation. View a list of local hotels and B&Bs here or contact the Findhorn Bay Holiday Park which offers mobile home hire, caravanning and camping facilities within an easy walk of the conference venue. The Holiday Park will offer a 10% discount off their usual seasonal prices to all conference participants.


The International Communal Studies Association was founded in 1985 through collaboration between the US based Communal Studies Association and the Kibbutz Studies Centre of Israel. ICSA promotes and supports research of communal groups of all kinds including communes, kibbutzim, religious groups, ecovillages, cohousing, collective settlements, housing cooperatives, etc. It functions as a clearing house for research projects, encourages comparative studies, and maintains a list of communal organisations and individuals active in communal research internationally. ICSA also encourages the exchange of ideas/information amongst communal scholars and communards from around the world. It does this through its headquarters in Israel, its twice-yearly Bulletin issued to all members and its conferences, which are held every three years, usually in a well-known intentional community (e.g. ZEGG, Germany, in 2001 and Damanhur, Italy, in 2007) or at a historical communal site (e.g. New Harmony, USA, in 1993 and The Amana Colonies, USA, in 2004).


Keynote speakers at ICSA 2001: Prof Yacov Oved (l), Dr Bill Metcalf (c), Dr Daniel Greenberg (r)

Contact details

Conference organiser (Findhorn): Dr Graham Meltzer
Address: The Park, Findhorn, Forres, IV36 3TZ, UK.
Tel: +44 (0)7789 593 989

Booking information: Bookings
Address: The Park, Findhorn, Forres, IV36 3TZ, UK.
Tel: +44 (0)1309 691653

ICSA President (Norway): Jan Martin Bang
Address: Delet, 3520 Jevnaker, Norway.
Tel: +47 48 12 96 53.

ICSA Secretariat (Israel): Ruth Sobol
Address: Yad Tabenkin, Ramat Efal, Israel 52960
Tel: +972 3 5344458

ICSA Website

Conference Sponsors

GaiaTrustlogo GENlogo FindhornPottery2 ICSA logo

Presenters (in the order confirmed)

The Findhorn Foundation does not endorse the opinions of presenters at its events. As a charity, we do not support any political parties or organisations, take political positions, or endorse political campaigns or activities. We seek to enable open and constructive dialogue about the issues facing individuals and the world as part of our intention to be a centre for personal and planetary transformation.

Joanna Macy

Joanna Macy, PhD is a scholar of Buddhism, general systems theory and deep ecology. Author of ten books, she is an international spokesperson for anti-nuclear causes, peace, justice and environmentalism. Joanna is most renowned for conceptualising the Great Turning - the transformation from what she calls industrial growth society to a more sustainable civilisation.
Joanna's website.


Barbara Swetina is a travelling artist, musician and troubadour with a wide repertoire of songs and dances collected from all over the world. She facilitates community groups in connecting deeply with each other through music, chant and dance. Barbara leads workshops all over Europe and internationally (in Australia, Brazil, Hawaii, Japan, Russia and the USA). She has led and inspired community music-making at Findhorn since she joined in 1984.
Barbara's website.

Bill Metcalf

Dr Bill Metcalf Griffith University, Australia, is a world expert on intentional communities, past president of the ICSA, on the Editorial Board of several refereed academic journals including Communal Societies, and is International Correspondent for Communities magazine. He is the author or editor of seven books plus numerous academic and popular articles about intentional communities. Bill is a long-standing Fellow of the Findhorn Foundation.

May East

May East is a leading sustainability educator heading two ground-breaking organisations: Gaia Education and CIFAL Scotland, the UNITAR Associated Training Centre for Northern Europe. She facilitates the international think-tank the Club of Budapest World Wisdom Council and is nominated as one of top 100 global sustainability leaders for 2011. May has lived at Findhorn since 1992.

Robin Alfred

Robin Alfred is founding director of Findhorn's Consultancy Service and current Chair of Trustees. He has been a key team member of the Findhorn Foundation's Ecovillage Programme for the past five years; taught on the Ecovillage Design Education programme; and recently, represented the Findhorn Foundation on the two-year 'Transition to Resilience' Learning Partnership programme. Robin worked in London as a trainer, educator and social work manager prior to coming to Findhorn in 1995.

Robert Gilman

Robert C. Gilman, PhD is a renowned thinker on community and sustainability whose work with his late wife Diane defined the ecovillage movement and shaped the early direction of the Global Ecovillage Network. Robert’s early academic research was in astrophysics but since the mid-1970s focused on local and global sustainability, futures research and strategies for positive cultural change. He founded and still heads the Context Institute, one of the earliest and best known NGOs focused on sustainability.
Robert's website.


Silvia Anna Rode, PhD (UCLA) is Chair of the Department of Modern and Classical Languages and board member of the Center for Communal Studies at the University of Southern Indiana. Her research on utopianism includes utopian concepts between WWI and WWII, theories on urbanism, and 19thC communal societies. As Associate Professor of German, Silvia believes that language learning is the basic tool needed to grasp global systems, to understand how things are interconnected, and how society can best address these issues.

Michael Livni

Dr Michael Livni was born in Vienna (in 1935) but grew up in Vancouver, Canada. He graduated as an M.D. in 1959 with a doctoral thesis in Social Psychiatry. Michael has been a kibbutz member since 1963. Currently, he lives on Lotan, an ecological kibbutz in Israel's far South. He has worked in agriculture, economics and education – particularly, education in the youth movement. Latterly, his interests focus on the interface between kibbutz, Judaism and ecology. He is an active member of ICSA, having presented at many conferences.
Michael's website.

Vivian Titular

Vivian Titular, PhD is an Associate Professor at the College of Education, Arts and Sciences, De La Salle Lipa, Philippines. She has a doctorate in Applied Cosmic Anthropology. Her research focuses on social development and empowerment. Vivian will present analysis of the Filipino spiritual culture of trust (tiwala) amongst the people of Isla Verde, well known as a peaceful and harmonious community. It's a phenomenological study using a culturally-rooted methodology, pamamaybay - a reflective journey towards a full understanding of trust.

Graham Meltzer

Graham Meltzer, PhD has enjoyed a lifelong involvement with intentional communities, having lived two years on Kibbutz, eight years in Australia's largest commune and six years at Findhorn. His doctoral research of cohousing looked specifically at the link between social cohesion and pro-environmental behavioural change. Graham has been on the ICSA board for 10 years. He has worked previously as an architect, academic and photographer, and currently works in the Findhorn community as a designer, project manager and educator.

Liisa Horelli

Liisa Horelli, PhD is an environmental psychologist who works as Adjunct Professor at Aalto University, Finland. She has conducted action research for decades, on participatory planning with different groups and, more recently, on participatory e-planning. She is also interested in the content theories of planning, especially those that deal with living environments such as cohousing. She is currently President of the Finnish Evaluation Society (FES) and member of the board of the European Evaluation Society.

Deborah Altus

Deborah Altus, PhD is Professor and acting Chairperson in the Department of Human Services at Washburn University in Topeka, KS. One of her main areas of interest is Walden Two-inspired communities; she has also studied the history of housing co-ops, 1960s communes and shared housing arrangements for older people. Deborah is a current board member of ICSA, former president of the US-based, Communal Studies Association (CSA), and on the editorial review board of the Fellowship for Intentional Community (FIC).

Daniel Greenberg

Daniel Greenberg, PhD is Founder of Living Routes, which partners with UMass, Amherst to offer study abroad programmes based in Findhorn, Auroville and other 'ecovillages' around the world. An internationally renowned sustainability educator and lecturer, Daniel was a co-founder of Gaia Education and the Green Passport programme and has been a catalyst for greening the field of international education through chairing Task Forces for NAFSA and The Forum on Education Abroad. Daniel lives in the Sirius Community, Massachusetts.


Chris Coates is a 20 year veteran of commune living, editor of Diggers & Dreamers "the communards' bible" and author of the books Utopia Britannica: A history of utopian experiments 1325–1945 (2000 Diggers & Dreamers) and Communes Britannica: A history of Communal Living 1939–2000 (2012 Diggers & Dreamers). Chris is a local councillor for the Green Party in Lancaster and a board member of ICSA. He is UK cohousing pioneer, centrally involved in the development of Lancaster Cohousing, a cutting edge example of ecologically sustainable collaborative housing.


Albert Bates is author of numerous books (13), films and new media including The Biochar Solution: Carbon Farming and Climate Change, The Post Petroleum Survival Guide and Cookbook. A past president of the Global Ecovillage Network, he is presently GEN's representative to the UN climate talks. Albert lives at the well-known intentional community and ecovillage, The Farm, in Tennessee. When not tinkering with fuel wringers for algae or pyrolizing cookstoves at The Farm, he teaches permaculture, ecovillage design and natural building.


Meenakshi Sinha Swami left her Delhi University lectureship to pursue full time research in Environmental Economics. She is a member of SPHEEHA (Society for the Preservation of Healthy Environment, Ecology and Heritage of Agra) and SSI (System Society of India). Her grandfather lived in Dayalbagh, a 96-year-old intentional community, during its initial stage and she enjoys community service at Dayalbagh. Meenakshi loves to make documentaries on simple sustainable lifestyles for children, involving community children.


Devendra Swami, Certified Associate of Indian Institute of Bankers, Chief Manager, SBI and life member SSI (System Society of India). He spent his childhood in the Dayalbagh intentional community, after his father left his government job and relocated to Dayalbagh to give his four children a better upbringing. A believer in socio-economic equity, he spends his weekend and holidays serving the community. Devendra will be presenting the social and environmental aspects of the Dayalbagh Model. He is a good singer.


Menachem Topel, PhD is a member of Kibbutz Mefalsim and a senior lecturer at Ashkelon Academic College and Sapir Academic College. He is Head of the Social Studies Department at Yad Tabenkin, the Kibbutz research institute. His latest publications in English are papers on kibbutz elite and kibbutz transformation, as are his books in Hebrew: The New Managers; The Kibbutz on Paths Apart (with Ben-Rafael) and Kibbutz - Survival at risk (Ben-Rafael with Topel, Getz and Abrahami). He is also co-editor of the book The Communal Idea in the 21st. Century, in press.


Olive Jones, PhD lived communally from the mid 1970s until the early 1990s in rural intentional communities in New Zealand and Australia. After tertiary study in the 1990s she became a primary teacher for seven years before returning to postgraduate study. She was awarded her doctorate in Sociology in 2012, for a comparative study of four of New Zealand's long-established intentional communities. Her paper presentation draws on that doctoral research. Olive is an ICSA board member.


Daniel Christian Wahl, PhD has 14 years' international experience in sustainability education and consultancy. Originally trained as a biologist, he also holds an MSc in Holistic Science and a PhD in Natural Design. Daniel was Director of Academic Outreach at the Findhorn College between 2007 and 2010. He now lives on Mallorca where he is actively promoting the bioregional transition of the island towards increased sustainability and resilience.
Daniel's website.


Helen Jarvis, PhD (LSE) is Reader in Social Geography at Newcastle University in the UK. Published books include Work/Life City Limits (Palgrave Macmillan: 2005) and The Secret Life of Cities (Prentice Hall: 2001). Current research explores sustainable degrowth (simplicity, sufficiency, social justice and sustainability) through ethnographic and participatory action research in a variety of collective and collaborative intentional community settings (including social experiments from the 1970s and contemporary cohousing), comparing communal practices in Britain, USA, Australia and Scandinavia.


Timothy Miller, PhD is a Professor of Religious Studies at the University of Kansas, USA. He is a historian of American intentional communities, particularly during the 20th century. Among his books are The Encyclopedic Guide to American Intentional Communities, The Quest for Utopia in Twentieth-Century America, The 60s Communes, and American Communes 1860-1960: A Bibliography. Tim is a long-standing ICSA board member, recognised by the US based Communal Studies Association as a distinguished scholar.


Heather Sullivan-Catlin, PhD is a sociology professor at the State University of New York at Potsdam with interests in family, community and sustainability - all of which come together in her cohousing movement research. Her passion for sociology is realised in the classroom. "I love to help students develop their 'sociological imagination'." To that end, Heather will be bringing a class of students to the conference. In her own community, she is actively involved in a food justice organisation and busy building community.


Jan Martin Bang has been a kibbutz member for 16 years and a co-worker at Camphill, Solborg in Norway for seven years. His publications include: Ecovillages - a practical guide to sustainable communities (2005); Growing Eco Communities - practical ways to create sustainability (2007); Sakhnin - a portrait of an environmental peace project in Israel (2009); and The Hidden Seed - the story of the Camphill Bible Evening (2009). He also edited A Portrait of Camphill in 2010. Jan is the current Chair of ICSA.


Jonathan Warner, PhD is Professor of Economics at Quest University, Canada. He holds a BA from Oxford University and a doctorate in welfare economics from the University of Wales. Jonathan has taught at universities in Russia, Cyprus, Poland, Kyrgyzstan and the USA. His research interests include development economics, the role of religion in economics and scrip money (especially its use during the Great Depression). In his presentation, he will survey modern monetary initiatives (such as local currencies) and discuss their role in the building of community.


Aharon Azati, PhD was born in Israel in 1953 and has been a member of Kibbutz Beit Haemek since 1971. He is a research fellow at Yad Tabenkin, the Research and Documentation Centre of the United Kibbutz Movement, and Director of the Centre's archives. Roni is a lecturer at Beit Berl Academic College, a member of the Israel Archivists Association Executive and has been a member of ICSA since 2007. His book, Between Voluntary Society and the Establishment of the State of Israel: The Kibbutz Movements vis-à-vis the IDF, 1948-1957, is forthcoming.


Margaret Critchlow Rodman, PhD is an anthropologist (Professor Emerita, York University, Toronto) whose seven books cover topics ranging from the meaning of place and community in Vanuatu to non-profit housing co-ops in Toronto. She is president of the Canadian Senior Cohousing Society and a founding member of West Coast Senior Cohousing. Margaret is quite sure that it takes a village to raise an elder.


Iris Kunze, PhD has been a social researcher at the University of Life Sciences, Vienna, since 2011. From 2001, after living several years in two intentional communities, she researched and taught about intentional communities and sustainable ways of living at the University of Münster, Germany (see website). As one of the European academic experts on ecovillages and intentional communities, she received the Donald Durnbugh Award from the Communal Studies Association (CSA) in 2011.


Mike Gilsenan is currently working as Senior Lecturer in Youth and Community Work at Newman University College, Birmingham, England. Having developed an interest in intentional communities via fleeting affairs with anarchism and anarcho-communism and a growing disillusionment with representative democracy, Mike is now in the process of developing a PhD proposal, which will explore the relationships between intentional communities and the wider society. Mike has worked as a youth and community worker/informal educator for 23 years in full time, part time and voluntary capacities.


Martin Field, PhD is a Researcher and Senior Lecturer with the Institute for Urban Affairs at the University of Northampton. He has held senior positions in local government and development posts in social and community housing authorities. He has a long-term commitment to housing and neighbourhood development being led from the grassroots up - the subject of his senior degree - with a range of practical experience from work with UK self-build, co-op and Cohousing groups and from living in an inner-city co-operative association.


Min Jay Kang, PhD is an associate professor at the Graduate School of Building and Planning of National Taiwan University. He is an activist of urban conservation and social innovation, and has conducted or participated in many socio-spatial projects in Taiwan, including Taipei's Treasure Hill and Skin-Peeling Alley. He is involved in the post-disaster reconstruction programme in the indigenous communities, and coordinated the 2011 international conference on social housing in Taiwan.

Kosha Joubert

Kosha Joubert has been living in intentional communities for 20 years. She is currently President of the Global Ecovillage Network (GEN) and Executive Secretary of GEN-Europe. Kosha co-authored the Ecovillage Design Education (EDE) curriculum and co-edited Beyond You and Me - Inspirations and Wisdom for Building Community (2007). She has just published a book in German on the Power of Collective Wisdom and looks forward to translating it into English. Today, she organises EDE courses and works internationally as a facilitator and consultant.


Karen Litfin, PhD is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Washington where she has taught since 1991. She specialises in global environmental politics and has core interests in green theory, science/policy interface, and person/planet politics. Karen is the author of Ozone Discourses (1994) and The Greening of Sovereignty (1998) and is currently writing Being the Change: Ecovillage Experiments Around the World (see a short video here). Karen recently started SkyRoot Commons, an integral farming community.


Maria Fölling-Albers, PhD is Professor of Elementary Education at the University of Regensburg, Germany. She researches: pedagogy; the psychology and sociology of childhood; and aspects of kibbutz education. Her current research interest is the relevance of the kibbutz educational concept for a theory of an (institutionalised) childhood beyond the family. Maria has written and edited several books about kibbutzim and kibbutz education, some of them together with her husband Prof. Werner Fölling. She is a member of the ICSA board.


David Leach is Associate Professor and Director of the Professional Writing and the Technology & Society programmes at the University of Victoria, Canada. He is a magazine writer and editor, with a focus on ecological travel and the arts (see his website). David once lived on Kibbutz Shamir and is currently finishing a book, tentatively titled Look Back to Galilee: Stumbling Toward Utopia in a Divided Land. The working title of his conference presentation is, Kibbutzing the 'Burbs: What can intentional communities teach suburbia? (Photo by Ben Moore).


Sophie Jordan is a student of urban and regional planning at RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia. Her honours research aims to determine how cohousing can contribute to affordability and sustainability in Australian cities. She was awarded the Women's Planning Network Rising Star Scholarship for 2012 for her essay examining how cohousing responds to feminist criticisms of planning and housing in the 20th century. She is currently working part time at a planning consultancy and hopes to work in state or local government before undertaking further research into sustainability and affordability in cities.


Kaidi Tamm is researching sustainable development models, civic participation and value change in Europe. Her background is in political science, cultural studies and semiotics. Currently she is doing her doctoral research in sociology on grassroots and governance approaches to sustainability in the International Graduate Center for the Study of Culture at the Justus Liebig University Giessen in Germany.


Anne Melano is a PhD student in the School of English, Communications and Performance Studies at Monash University, Australia. She lives in Wollongong, New South Wales. Her literary interests include ecotopian communities, utopian literature and young adult fantasy fiction. In the 1980s and 1990s she was part of a feminist collective, and she currently works in a university (another kind of utopia) as a teacher and project manager for the University of Wollongong.


Ruth Kark, PhD, Professor Emeritus at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, has written and edited 24 books and 200 articles on the history and historical geography of Palestine/Israel (see website). Her research interests include: concepts of land, patterns of land ownership; settlement processes; and Western interactions with the local populations in the Holy Land. Recent publications focus on Christian communes, Churches and Missions in Palestine/Israel; global indigenous and Bedouin land rights; women and gender; and entrepreneurship in Palestine/Israel.


Shula Keshet, PhD is a member of Kibbutz Givat Brenner and Associate Professor in the Graduate Faculty of the Kibbutzim College of Education in Tel-Aviv. Her areas of research include Kibbutz Literature and Kibbutz Culture. Shula's previous publications include: Underground Soul, Ideological Literature: The Case of the Early Kibbutz Novel, Tel-Aviv University - Hakibbutz Hameuchad, 1995 (in Hebrew); and, The Story of Bithania: Origin and Literary Transformations, Hakibbutz Hameuchad, 2009 (in Hebrew).


Yaakov Oved, PhD has been a member of Kibbutz Palmachim since its establishment in 1949. He is Professor Emeritus in the Department of History, Tel Aviv University. Since 1980, Yaakov has researched communes throughout the world and has published books and articles on the subject in Hebrew, English and Spanish, including the encyclopaedic Two Hundred Years of American Communes (1987). His latest book, Globalisation of Communes: 1950-2010, will be published in 2012. Yaakov was a founding member of the ICSA and served as its executive director from 1985 until 2004.


Achim Ecker has lived in the intentional community and ecovillage ZEGG in Germany, for more than 28 years where he is chief landscape designer, creating fertile soil and an edible landscape, and eco-builder, retrofitting and insulating existing houses with renewable materials. As a social worker Achim has been deeply involved in the development of the ZEGG-Forum and has trained and supervised Forum groups at ZEGG and in Europe, South America and the USA.


Ina Meyer-Stoll was one of the founding members of the intentional community and ecovillage ZEGG where she has lived for more than 28 years. She has been executive secretary of GEN-Europe for six years and, since 2004, been involved in Gaia Education. Ina has been a communications trainer and supervisor for 20 years, specialising in building community and creating transparency and trust in group processes. Visit Ina and Achim's website.


Ross Jackson, PhD is chairman of Gaia Trust, a Danish-based charitable entity he co-founded in 1987 to promote a more sustainable and spiritual world. Gaia Trust continues to support two major international NGO initiatives - the Global Ecovillage Network and Gaia Education. Ross also worked for 25 years in the field of international finance. His PhD was in Operations Research, a branch of economics that focuses on problem solving in the broadest sense. He is the author of Occupy World Street: A Global Roadmap for Radical Economic and Political Reform (2012) (see website).


Michael Luxford, a co-worker of the Camphill Movement for over 40 years, has written/edited five books; the last, A Sense for Community, involved research of 40 Camphill communities, world-wide. Michael is involved in adult education, retreats and other group facilitation processes, community management, horticulture, festival presentations, social research to strengthen the understanding of what it means to be a Camphill co-worker and how Camphill has dealt with money in communities.


Karolina Wisniewska is a PhD candidate at the University of Warsaw. She holds an MA in Sociology from the Jagiellonian University. In her current research, conducted in cooperation with Yad Tabenkin, the Kibbutz Research Institute, she focuses on social change in kibbutz and tries to examine its 'roots and routes'. The study aims to find out why these communities stepped back from their traditional path and which ideas replaced the original communal aims. Karolina seeks answers from a kibbutz, an anthropological case study, where she has lived and participated in communal life in recent years.


Etta Madden, PhD is a Professor of English at Missouri State University and an editorial board member for the American Communal Societies Series, Richard Couper Press of Hamilton College. Her publications include Eating in Eden: Food & American Utopias (U Nebraska P) and Bodies of Life: Shaker Literature & Literacies (Greenwood). She was appointed by the Italian Fulbright Commission to serve in 2009 as Senior Lecturer in American Literature at the University of Catania, Sicily.


Jeoung Hyun Cho, PhD is a lecturer in housing and interior design at the Catholic University of Korea. She currently works for the architectural firm Mindlere in Seoul, South Korea. Jeoung is mostly engaged in residents' workshops held during the establishment phase of planned residential (intentional) communities in Mindlere. She is interested in researching and promoting cohousing and intentional community in Korea.


Jung Shin Choi, PhD is a professor at the Catholic University of Korea. She teaches and researches about housing and interior design. Jung has extensively researched housing and cohousing for older people in Scandinavia, especially in Denmark and Sweden. She has been a visiting professor at Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden several times. She has been involved in teaching and research about Scandinavian cohousing and senior cohousing projects.


Yuval Dror, PhD is a Professor in the School of Education, Tel-Aviv University. He researches the history of Israeli education (mainly kibbutz education) and all types of new-progressive and social-moral education. Yuval has written and edited 13 books, among them The History of Kibbutz Education: Practice into Theory (2001) and Communal Groups in Israel (2008). From 1970-2001, he was a member of Kibbutz Hamadia and since 2001, a member in the 'community neighbourhood' of kibbutz Kfar-Ruppin. Yuval is an ICSA board member.


Rami Degani, PhD has been a member of Kibbutz Nir David since 1977. He holds a doctorate in Christian History from Notre Dame University and is an Adjunct Professor at the Pontifical University, Rome. His research is on Christian history in the Holy Land; his most recent study (with Professor Ruth Kark) focused on Christian communes in Israel. Among his publications are: In the Footsteps of Jesus, and Christian Churches and Communities in the Holy Land.


Anton Marks is the general secretary of the International Communes Desk, and editor of its Hebrew and English publications KOL and C.A.L.L. respectively. Anton lives in the communal group Kvutsat Yovel, which he was part of establishing over 13 years ago. Today, Kvutsat Yovel is part of the largest urban kibbutz in the world, Kibbutz Mishol, situated in Nazareth Illit in the north of Israel, and whose total membership numbers 80 adults and 40 children. Anton is an ICSA board member.


Jae Soon Cho, PhD is a professor at the Korea National University of Education. She has participated in developing a national curriculum and writing textbooks on home economics education for 5th–12th grades. She currently teaches and conducts research on the micro-sociology of housing and housing education. She has been involved in many formal educational research subjects related to sustainable living as well as in State and Local Agenda21 with the belief that education could make the world a better place to live for all of us.


Kuee Sook Suh, PhD is a professor at the Soong-sil University, Seoul, Korea. She has studied at the Catholic University, Hong-ik University in Seoul and also in the Dept of Architecture, Kyoto Institute of Technology in Japan. She also has worked as a guest-researcher at the Architecture School, Waseda University, Japan and researched in Sydney, Australia. She has been teaching architecture and interior design and currently conducts research into community gardens with resident participation for the Seoul Metropolitan Government.


Martine Vonk, PhD received her doctorate in 2011 from the Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam. At the conference she will present findings from her thesis on sustainability and quality of life, for which she studied Amish, Hutterite, Franciscan and Benedictine communities. She now works as a self-employed sustainability consultant and researcher. She is coordinator of the Noach Alliantie (Noah Alliance), a Dutch platform for Christian organisations concerned with environmental issues, and founder of A Rocha Netherlands, a Christian community working for the preservation of nature.


Anna Helamaa is an architect, PhD student and lecturer in housing design in Tampere University School of Architecture, Finland, with both a professional and a personal interest in community oriented housing. The focus of her PhD studies is on semi-private, intermediary and shared space in housing. Anna will soon live in Annikki, a resident managed project with community orientation, together with wonderful neighbours!


Johanna Kerovuori is a cohousing researcher and PhD student at Tampere University of Technology, Finland. As an architect, she is CEO and Designer in the practice, Johanna Kerovuori Tmi, and has worked as a designer in various architectural studios and municipalities. Johanna is writing a book on cohousing, gives lectures and organises seminars. She also runs cohousing courses for senior citizens and consults to groups dreaming of creating cohousing. Johanna lives in a housing collective in the active neighbourhood of Pispala.


Quaglia (Juliett Jade Chi) is a citizen of Damanhur where she serves as a catalyst for communications, courses and cultural events. She practices Damanhurian Sacred Dance and facilitates Ecstatic Dance as a space of healing and creative expression. Quaglia is also a facilitator for the What's Your Tree programme, inspired by Julia Butterfly Hill - identifying one's life mission and putting it into service and action. Originally from Houston, Texas, Quaglia has ethnic origins in Taiwan and China and holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in Interdisciplinary Studies from the University of California at Berkeley.


Kara Salter is an anthropology PhD at the University of Western Australia. Kara has been passionate about intentional community building since 2006 when she was employed as a community development officer for SomerVille Ecovillage Pty Ltd. In 2008 she travelled to Damanhur, Italy, for 12 months PhD fieldwork, following which she took time out from her research to have a son. Kara now resides in Perth, Western Australia, where she is writing and hopes to submit her thesis in 2013.


Mark Westcombe, Lancaster University Management School, is a founding member of Lancaster Cohousing, the UK's largest PassivHaus development; chair of the UK Cohousing Network; and a lecturer in Process Consultancy. He has co-chaired the two national UK cohousing conferences and various policy seminars relating to cohousing. He is currently researching how cohousing residents negotiate values during the development stage of a project.


John Lehr, PhD is a professor in the Department of Geography at the University of Winnipeg. He is a historical geographer whose research has focused on pioneer agricultural settlements and memory and meaning in cultural landscapes, particularly those of Mormons, Jews, Hutterites and Ukrainians on the Canadian prairies and elsewhere. He maintains regional research interests in western Canada, Brazil, Israel and Ukraine.


Yossi Katz, PhD is a professor in the Department of Geography at the Bar Ilan University, Israel. He is a historical geographer whose research interests include settlement process and land ownership in Israel and ethnic settlements in Canada. He is the Chairperson of The Chair for the Study of the History and Activities of the Jewish National Fund (K.K.L.). He is also the Chairperson of Bar Ilan University press.


Shmuel Burmil, PhD holds academic degrees in biology, landscape architecture, and a PhD in Renewable Natural Resources. Last Academic position held was as Associate Professor at The Department of Planning and Landscape Architecture, Clemson University, USA. He has numerous publications in history of landscapes and landscape architecture, sustainable planning and development, and park design. His most recent book, co-authored with Ruth Enis in 2011, is titled The Changing Landscape of a Utopia: The Landscape and Gardens of the Kibbutz Past and Present.


Soon-joo Kang, PhD is Professor of Housing and Environment in the College of Architecture at Konkuk University, Seoul Korea. She is director of the Architectural Institute of Korea and is a former president of the Korean Housing Association. Her research interests are communal life in multi-family housing, post-occupancy evaluation, plans to enhance sense of community, housing culture and compact urban housing for 1-2 person households.


Gill Emslie is a PhD student living at Findhorn. She is an organisational consultant, trainer and coach focusing on issues of leadership, peace building and conflict facilitation. She teaches internationally in diverse settings ranging from the NGO and social/environmental justice sector, to business and local government - facilitating in-depth training programmes and working directly with leadership teams. Gill has also spent several years living and working with indigenous people in remote areas, which has awoken in her a particular love for bio-cultural diversity and concern about its current predicament. Gill's website.


Nikolaus Stillfried, PhD first studied Biological Sciences with a focus on Neuroscience at the Universities of Munich (Germany) and Cambridge (UK). His PhD explored whether principles discovered in quantum physics can be fruitfully applied in other fields, in particular to a better understanding of difficult to 'prove' consciousness-related phenomena. Nikolaus has recently been conducting fieldwork at Findhorn, in his quest to interrelate science, religion and spirituality. He will present his findings at the conference.


Felix Wagner is a PhD student living in Freiberg, Germany. Over the last two years he has conducted fieldwork in intentional communities in Europe, the USA and Australia - searching for clues about how a culture of sustainability is created and how this knowledge and expertise can be transferred to society at large. Felix is part of Lebensdorf (Village of Life), an ecovillage project forming in Germany, and co-founder of Research in Community (RIC), an organisation fostering links between intentional communities and academia.


Nicholas Anastasopoulos is an architect, environmental activist and lecturer in architecture at the National Technical University of Athens, Greece. He is co-founder and programme coordinator of the not-for-profit organisation, TREE. His areas of research and action include local communities and eco-communities, the man-made and natural environments, degrowth, sustainability and Permaculture. Nicholas was an instigator of the 1st Marathon Ecofestival in 2011. Nicholas' website.


Bo-bae, Lee is a Masters student in the Housing Environment Department of the College of Architecture at Konkuk University, Seoul, Korea. Her research focuses on the revitalisation of community for greater sustainability. At the 2011 academic conference of the South Korean Housing Association, she received an excellence award for her articles. Currently, Bo-bae is researching developments in the management of community facilities and programmes.


Marcus Andreas is a doctoral candidate in Social Anthropology at the Ludwig-Maximilians-University (LMU) and the Rachel Carson Center for Environment and Society in Munich. He is on the Board of the collaborative group, Research in Community (RIC), an inter- and (at times) trans-disciplinary association of PhD students and communitarians that have undertaken an initiative to bridge the gap between eco-communities and academia.


Jenny Pickerill, PhD is a Reader in Environmental Geography at University of Leicester, UK. Her research focuses on inspiring grassroots solutions to environmental problems and in hopeful and positive ways in which we can change social practices. She has a particular interest in innovative eco-housing having worked with ecovillages and self-built eco-communities in Wales, England, Spain, Argentina, Australia, Thailand and the USA.


Michiyo Furuhashi is a Japanese environmental educator. She introduced the EDE (Ecovillage Design Education) to Japan in 2008 and successfully organised another course in 2012. She is a board member of Gaia Education and President of the Global Ecovillage Network (GEN) for Oceania and Asia. Michiyo leads the ecovillage movement in Japan as an ecovillage practitioner. Since 2007, she has lived in the Konohana Family, a leading ecovillage, where she is in charge of ecovillage education and international communication.


Joshua Lockyer, PhD is Assistant Professor of Anthropology at Arkansas Tech University where he is developing a bioregionally-oriented undergraduate anthropology programme. He is lead editor and contributor to a forthcoming volume of collected essays entitled Environmental Anthropology Engaging Ecotopia: Bioregionalism, Permaculture, and Ecovillages (Berghahn Books, 2013) that brings together social scientists and citizen-activists from around the world to consider the accomplishments and possibilities of intentional community-based action in these fields.


John Devlin graduated with BSc Computer Science (hons) from Staffordshire University, England in 2004. Since moving to Adelaide, South Australia, his work has included landscaping, construction and horticulture. He has recently completed Masters research in environmental management at the University of South Australia. John is currently enrolled as a PhD candidate at the Zero Waste SA Research Centre for Sustainable Design and Behaviour focusing on the role of community and technology in reducing the waste footprint.


Edna Barromi Perlman, PhD received her Ph.D. from the University of Sussex in the UK. She is a researcher at the Institute for Research of the Kibbutz and the Cooperative Idea at the University of Haifa and a Research Associate at HBI, at Brandeis University in MA, USA. Her research focuses on the field of visual studies, and particularly the area of family albums. Edna is a lecturer at the Kibbutz College of Education, Technology and Arts in Tel Aviv.


James Veteto, PhD is Assistant Professor of Anthropology at The University of North Texas. He is also Executive Director of the Appalachian Institute for Mountain Studies, which is dedicated to combining alternative technologies and cultural forms with traditional environmental knowledge to contribute to transition culture in Katuah Bioregion, USA. He is co-editor with Joshua Lockyer of Environmental Anthropology Engaging Ecotopia.


Bindu Mohanty, PhD is a writer and teacher. She joined Auroville, the world's largest intentional community, in 1994. Committed to the practice of Integral Yoga, Bindu believes that social change requires a radical transformation of the individual. She serves as faculty for an experiential programme on integral sustainability and is currently working on a book on social evolution, which incorporates a case study of Auroville as an experimental evolutionary society.


Ana Carolina Beer Simas has a Masters in Communication and Culture from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Brazil, and has been a Lecturer at the Federal University of Viçosa since 2001. Her on-going PhD is a participatory action research project in the Purus National Forest of the Amazon, facilitating a community of learning and practice in Collaborative Communication for Communitarian Sustainability - part of the effort to offer the EDE curriculum in the Amazon in 2013. Ana lives in a small intentional community and is involved in the Transition Towns movement in her town.


Shashi Khurana, PhD is Associate Professor of English (with a focus on Sociology and Gender Studies) at Satyawati College, University of Delhi, India. She has an M.A. and an M.Phil. in Sociology, and an Interdisciplinary PhD, from the Jawahar Lal Nehru University. Shashi is a founder member and Co-ordinator of the Women Development and Family Counselling Centre in the college. She has published: Stories of Women and Society in Asia (Shivalik, Delhi, 2004) as well as articles and book reviews.


Alex Walker, M. Phil. has worked on a variety of projects in Findhorn Ecovillage and in the Moray Firth area over the past three decades, including in recent years Findhorn Wind Park and Duneland Ltd. He was a member of the Scottish Government's Rural Development Council from 2009 to 2011 and has participated in the development of plans for a proposed 'Rural Parliament' in Scotland. From 2006 to 2012, Alex was Chairman of Development Trusts Association Scotland.


Anna Kovasna is a PhD Candidate in Social Anthropology at Lund University, Sweden. Specialising in ecovillages and the creation of small-scale, sustainable economies and cultures in Europe, she is currently based in Findhorn, Scotland, carrying out long-term fieldwork for her dissertation. Anna is also the former president of the Swedish Ecovillage Network, where she continues to play an active role.


John Buck serves as CEO of the international Sociocracy Consulting Group based in the District of Columbia, USA. He teaches Dynamic Self Governance, or Sociocracy, based on the work of Gerard Endenburg from Rotterdam, NL. John earned a Master's degree from George Washington University and co-authored the book We the People: Consenting to a Deeper Democracy, A Guide to Sociocratic Principles and Methods. One of his current assignments is with a Steiner School in the USA.


Saskia Heijne is a Masters student in Education at the University of Plymouth's Integrated Masters Programme, a collaboration with the Steiner Hogeschool Helicon (NL) and has worked for six years in a UK Steiner school, participating in the collegial running of the school. Previously, she completed Findhorn Foundation College's Semester in Sustainability (FCS). She studies and practices social forms that support individuals to behave cooperatively, such as Nonviolent Communication, Restorative Circles and Dynamic Self Governance.


Stephen Lloyd Moffett, PhD is a professor of Comparative Religion and director of the Religious Studies programme at Cal Poly University in San Luis Obispo, California. His original research specialty was the rise of monasticism in early Christianity and Hinduism but he has published widely, including in Latino mysticism, modern Greek religion, and the Spirituality of Wine. Stephen is also part of a new local experiment in communal living.


Bob Deahl, PhD has been the Dean of the College of Professional Studies at Marquette University since its inception in 1996. He studied in Rome, Italy from 1976 to 1982 completing a Doctorate in Theology at the Pontifical Gregorian University, magna cum laude, in 1982. During this time, he also studied and worked in Paris, Cape Town, Calcutta and at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, Israel. For the past 25 years Bob's teaching and research has focused on leadership, ethics and organisational systems and dynamics.


Nissim Leon, PhD is Lecturer and Director of the Graduate Programme in Social and Cultural Studies in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at Bar-Ilan University. His research interests include Modern Judaism, Ultra-Orthodox Communities, Religious Fundamentalism, Nationalism, the Emergence of Collective Memory, and the Politics of the Middle Classes. Nissim is the author of Harediyut rakah (Soft Ultra-Orthodoxy): Religious Renewal in Oriental Jewry in Israel (Jerusalem, 2010) and a number of articles on related topics.


Lee Cahaner, PhD was born and raised in Kibbutz Magal. She is a Lecturer in the Department of Geography and Environmental studies at Oranim Academic College of Education. Her research interests include: religion in kibbutz, the Ultra-Orthodox, geo-political changes in the State of Israel, women in Israeli society, and segregated communities in Israel and the world. Lee is co-author of Modern Ultra-Orthodoxy - The Emerging Haredi Middle Class in Israel, and a number of articles related to the spatial aspects of the Ultra-Orthodox Society in Israel


Yuval Achouch, PhD is a lecturer in sociology at the Western Galilee College in Acre and member of Kibbutz Hanita. He is interested in the social outcomes of the change process in the kibbutz movement. Yuval received his doctorate from Tel-Aviv University and the topic was: Forms of Identity amongst Kibbutz Members in an Era of Change. He is now collaborating with Dr Moskovich to investigate changes in kibbutz factories.


Yaffa Moskowich, PhD is a senior lecturer and head of the Department of Sociology at Kinneret College in Israel. She received her PhD from Bar Ilan University. Her expertise is in the field of political and organisational sociology. Yaffa is the author of articles and a book about the Israeli Likud Party, Disunity in Unity: Power Struggles inside the Likud Party from 1972-2002. Her work also involves leadership in political parties, unions and other organisations. She is currently researching leadership in a kibbutz factory.


Bob Pavlik, PhD both manages the Project for Community Transformation and facilitates the graduate course, Models of Sustainability, through the College of Professional Studies at Marquette University (Milwaukee, WI). In addition, he serves as the Executive Director of the High Wind Association (Plymouth, WI), a 30-year-old community which Belden and Lisa Paulson built based on their experiences in the Findhorn community. Bob's teaching and research focuses on learning and change theory applied to the sustainability movement.


Sonya Bedford is an environmental lawyer - partner and head of the renewable energy team at Stephens Scown LLP in Exeter. She set the team up in 2010 and since then they have worked on projects which have generated 100MW of renewable energy - enough power to boil a kettle over 4 million times! Sonya also works on sustainable housing projects and has been involved in a number of ground breaking settlements. She has also helped a large number of community projects on a pro bono basis.


Mauro Tatanka Cordi is a Deep Ecology activist, environmental guardian, writer, shaman, workshop/retreat leader and accredited facilitator of Essential Peacemaking: Women and Men. He has published: Un ambasciatore di Spoon-Feeder (1989), a book that keeps alive the memory and wisdom of his main master (who created the mystical system Nirguna Sadhana); and a collection of poems Frammenti di cuore (Fragments of heart) (2001). Currently, he is translating works of Rumi and Hafiz from English for his Italian students and friends.


Royston Flude, PhD is a values-driven multi-disciplined technologist, business manager, psychologist and change management specialist. He is a Research Fellow in Education at the University of Manchester and sits on the General Assembly representing the Alumni. He has written eight books and numerous articles and publications. He is a Thought Leader in the field of self-sustaining People, Organisations and Communities and is President of CSPOC, a United Nations accredited NGO focused on self-sustainability. He believes in living the dream of creating a more harmonious world.


Oz Ragland has lived at Songaia Cohousing Community for 20 years. He shares a household with four other adults. After a career creating software and conducting research, Oz retired from Microsoft. He was the Executive Director of the Cohousing Association of the United States from 2007-2010, and is now co-authoring the book, Cohouseholding, with one of his housemates, Marilyn Hanna-Myrick.


Priya Vincent, PhD was born and brought up in the UK and has a PhD in Sociology from the University of Sussex. She lived with her young family in Malaysia, Yemen, Africa and, for the last 17 years, in Auroville, South India. In 2000, Priya started Buddha Garden, a farm in Auroville, and continues to run it with the help of Aurovilians, Vivek, Pierre and Sivakala and volunteers from around the world. She is a member of the Auroville Farm Group and was part of the team which created the Five Year Sustainable Agriculture Plan for Auroville.


Marsha Zibalese-Crawford, PhD is a professor in the School of Social Work, Geography and Urban Studies Department at Temple University, U.S. She was creator and lead researcher for the Philadelphia Report Card on the Well-being of Children and Youth. Marsha is a renowned Community-based Participatory Research (CBPR) evaluator/researcher and currently is partnering on two Community Walk/Photovoice projects - one in Israel, one in the U.S. (funded by Office of National Drug Control Strategy and SAMHSA).


Judith Yoel, PhD teaches linguistics in the English Department at Oranim College in Israel. With extensive work in the area of linguistics, she is also presently working individually and collaboratively on projects that have to do with Israel's kibbutzim. She has lived in Israel and been a kibbutz member since 1982.


Betsy Morris, PhD is founding partner of Planning for Sustainable Communities, providing applied research services to non-profit, social enterprise and public sector clients. She served as Research Director for Coho/US from 2006 to 2009, is now a board member of the Fellowship for Intentional Community and a member of the Cohousing Researchers Network. She has an MCP and PhD in City and Regional Planning from UC Berkeley, and has taught at UC, USC, and SFSU. She has researched, written and presented on affordability strategies, spirituality and other topics in cohousing.


Raines Cohen is founder of Cohousing California. He has served on the boards of Coho/US, the Fellowship for Intentional Community, and the Bay Area Community Land Trust. He was a technology journalist who now consults and manages social media-based and data-driven websites. He is a Certified Green Building Professional and a trained presenter with the national Climate Reality Project. Raines is an early evangelist of the coworking movement and founder and cohost of East Bay Cohousing, the world's largest online meetup for intentional community seekers.


Marina Raffaelli, 25, has a degree in International Relations from the Cesari Alfieri University in Florence and is working toward a Masters in Holistic Science from Shumacher College. Marina has been active in many youth projects in Florence and has been working with a core group of young people living at Findhorn. She is active in the Association-Ecovillage Basilico (part of GEN), which links intentional communities in Italy, and is also the 2013 Travelling Community Project focused on the relationship between youth and intentional communities.


Pierre Monnier is a French student in a Business and Development School. He belongs to the Travelling Community Project and has been in communities in France, Italy, Spain and Portugal to understand how communities work with youth. Pierre was Vice President of the REFEDD, (the French Network of Students for Sustainable Development), comprising 100 French student associations building a more sustainable society through their university, and Co-President of aDDu (Association for Sustainable Development of the International Professional University).


Angela Sanguinetti, PhD a recent graduate from the Department of Planning, Policy & Design in the School of Social Ecology at the University of California, has directed a national survey of US cohousing residents and published conceptual research on intentional communities. Angela's research focuses on the influence of the built and natural environment on resident behaviour and wellbeing. She is currently lecturing for California State University and providing behavioural consultation to group homes for individuals with developmental disabilities.


Kay Kay, following decades as an entrepreneur, coach, facilitator and cultural creative, is now committed, through her writing, to supporting people who are choosing to make a positive difference in their lives, in their communities and in the world. Her 12 published books and guides cover many beneficial aspects of self-development, community engagement and personal communication. Kay's website.


Emile van Dantzig worked for 40 years in computer science environments, 20 of them in research and academia, and 20 in the computer/software industry. Six years ago he discovered Sociocracy, Nonviolent Communication (Rosenberg) and Restorative Circles (Barter). Since then he has been bringing justice and communication to the work place. He helps organisations implement egalitarian decision making (dynamic governance), set cooperative policies and handle their conflicts via Circles. He decided a couple of years ago to spend the rest of his life coaching, inspiring and teaching individuals and organisations about these processes.


Olivier Milchberg is a poly-instrumentalist who studied piano, flute and guitar - both classical and jazz. In 1988 he founded Muance Productions, a recording studio specialising in traditional music. Since 1999 he has toured and recorded as performer and artistic director with the group Pêcheurs de Perles. In 2008 he worked with Cirque du Soleil in a new show, Zaia, in Macau, China, where he lived for 4 years. Olivier now lives in Eourres, an ecovillage in the Provence, spreading his time between concert performance, composition, artistic direction and music production.


Francois Monnet has been creating ritual and celebration for more than 25 years in communities, conferences and sometimes even in the middle of cities (without advanced notice). He has worked as a baker, carpenter, gardener, photograph, actor, translator and poet. Yet he has always practiced celebrations with groups, gathering experience, creating 'tools' of celebration, studying ritual around the world, and thinking about how to create life affirming celebrations - simple and accessible to all, full of meaning and wisdom.


Vera Bohlen's life was changed by the power of singing from the first day she came to Findhorn, 18 years ago. Her particular passion is polyphonic singing from the Republic of Georgia; she has studied this music for a long time (in the UK and in Georgia), is part of the trio Alilo and co-leads a local Georgian singing ensemble. She is one of the Taizé leaders of the community, leads Harmonic Temple with her partner David, and they teach workshops both locally and UK wide. She is a ceramic artist and works in her Claysongs studio in Findhorn.


David Harrison discovered he could sing when he first visited Findhorn in the early 90s. Having previously considered himself a non-musician, and with no formal musical training, he was inspired to share the experience with others. Since moving to Findhorn four years ago, he has become a regular Taizé leader, leads Harmonic Temple with his partner Vera, co-leads 'Sounds Deep' (a singing group for men), and supports singing in many Community events. He still can't read music, but no longer considers himself (or anybody!) a non-musician.


A. Whitney Sanford, PhD is an associate professor in the Religion Department at the University of Florida, specialising in religion and sustainability. Whitney's current book project explores Gandhi's influence on contemporary intentional communities in the United States. Previous books include Growing Stories from India, Religion and the Fate of Agriculture (University Press of Kentucky, 2012) and Singing Krishna: Sound Becomes Sight in Paramanand's Poetry (SUNY 2008).


Jo Gooding is the National Coordinator of the UK Cohousing Network. As an experienced community housing practitioner she uses her specialist knowledge of community-led housing models to promote and support the delivery of cohousing and to challenge mainstream structures. In addition to her work at the coal-face, Jo has also contributed to National Policy as an active member of the Mutual Housing Group and co-authored So You Want To Build A House, and the housing think piece Anchors Of Tomorrow.


Amanda Pearson is a Director of the UK Cohousing Network and, whilst not a founder member of The Threshold Centre, was involved in its development and build from early stages. She has lived there for six years. Her professional life has spanned a career in both the health and education sectors, focussing on the promotion of wellbeing rather than the curing of disease.


Oliver Parodi, PhD is Administrative Manager of the research focus Humans And Technology at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), and senior scientist at the Institute for Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS) in Germany. He has a doctorate in philosophy and is a qualified civil engineer. Oliver is leader of several projects in the area of sustainable urban development. Yet, our common cultural background and the link between sustainability and spirituality are the matters most dear to his heart.


Eian Smith is originally from Canada. In a past life, he studied Radio and TV, trained as a chef and ran his own Web design company. He is a keen music appreciator, having once been a member of a renowned jazz vocal ensemble. At Findhorn, Eian holds several key roles; he is a Listener-Convenor of the NFA (New Findhorn Assoc.) and on the Boards of PET (Park Ecovillage Trust), Ekopia (our community ‘bank’) and the housing development company, Duneland Ltd. However, he says, his most important role is as father to eight year old daughter, Ida.


Kira Taylor-Hoar has a Bachelor's degree in Wildlife Ecology and Conservation from the University of Florida, and has completed an Ecovillage Design Education Course through Gaia Education. Her interests are in ecovillage development and sustainability for the good of both mankind and the planet. She is currently a resident of the Earth.


Camilla Bredal Pedersen came to Findhorn as a 20-year-old, the first stop on a trip around the world - and she never left. She has risen through the ranks, focalising (i.e. managing) several departments along the way, and for the last few years has co-focalised the Programmes Area. She has recently moved into the 'top job' of the Findhorn Foundation, Chair of Management. Camilla is passionate about supporting minorities and the disadvantaged. She has worked hard in recent years to diversify our holistic learning programmes to include opportunities for marginalised groups.


Mari Hollander has been a Findhorn Community member since the mid 1970s. She has served as Chair of Management within the Findhorn Foundation and played other key community governance roles. Mari was involved, early on, with our ecovillage project and the launching the local Steiner Waldorf School. As Director of the Findhorn Foundation College, she promoted holistic education for sustainability. Mari is currently a Foundation Trustee, Chair of Findhorn Wind Park, and works freelance on a number of community projects.


Rory O'Connell has been a Findhorn community member for 32 years, serving stints of 15 years in the gardens and 12 years in the Visitor Centre. He is a self-taught musician who plays a wide range of percussion and wind instruments including bagpipes, flutes, whistles, clarinet and saxophone. Rory plays in a number of music ensembles providing the crucial element, live music, for community celebrations and events. He enjoys teaching, encouraging and playing with aspiring young musicians within a supportive, non-judgemental atmosphere.


Rog Coulson has been active in the Findhorn community for over twelve years - singing, teaching, composing and playing piano. Passionate about music and performance, he has frequently hosted, performed and accompanied in many wonderful 'Sharings' in the Universal Hall, Cluny and elsewhere. A keen gardener (particularly of herbs) in the Park and Cullerne, our abundant vegetable garden, Rog has a close connection to the natural beauty that surrounds us and that informs much of his musical connection.


Zivile Gedminaite-Raudone is a researcher at the Lithuanian Institute of Agrarian Economics and lecturer at Vilnius Gediminas Technical University. She has research experience in economics and management, specialising in sustainable regional and rural development, international economics, public administration and management. Currently, as project manager where the Institute is a lead partner, Zivile is coordinating a project of the EU Baltic Sea Region Programme called 'Ecovillages for sustainable rural development'.


Dalia Vidickiene, PhD is Principal Research Fellow at the LIAE with over 30 years research experience in economics and management. She specialises in rural development and regional innovation policy, strategic management and performance evaluation of organisations, and knowledge-based society. She has much experience in management and coordination of international research and development projects of different EU programmes (FP6, INTERREG, PHARE, Leonardo da Vinci). Currently she is the working package leader at the EU Baltic Sea Region programme project 'Ecovillages for sustainable rural development'.


Rasa Melnikiene, PhD is Director and Senior Research Fellow at the LIAE with much research experience in business and economics specialising in rural development, financial integration in the EU, transition economies of CEE and policy on EU financial perspectives. She has long experience in management and coordination of international research and development projects of different EU programmes (FP6, INTERREG, PHARE, Leonardo da Vinci). Currently she is a senior researcher at the EU Baltic Sea Region programme project 'Ecovillages for sustainable rural development'.


Clinton Caudell is a full-time PhD candidate at the University of Southern Queensland, Australia. After a varied career that included sales and marketing, business management, furniture-making, and project management for an ecovillage, he decided to finally finish his 19 year 'gap-year' by completing a Bachelor of Spatial Science. This, coupled with his interest in sustainable urban design and intentional communities, has led him to pursue post-graduate studies in the hope that he can contribute something meaningful to the field.


Pam Hearne has been a member of the Lancaster Cohousing project for seven years. In her other life she is a Teaching Fellow in the Department of Management at Strathclyde University where she teaches management practice, management of change and project methodology to post experience postgraduate students. Pam's research is in the area of collaboration and inter-organisational working but she will confess to often forgetting all she knows when she is in the thick of living her cohousing life!


Elisabeth Meyer-Renschhausen, PhD is a freelance researcher and author on urban agriculture as well as a garden activist. After her doctorate, a study about the first women's movement in Germany, she became Associate Professor in the Dept. of Political Sciences and Sociology at the Free University of Berlin. Her research addresses issues such as eating habits, globalisation, small-scale agriculture, community gardening, etc. Elisabeth has written and co-edited a number of books on community and urban gardening as well as small-scale agriculture.


Andrew Peacock is a Research Fellow at Heriot Watt University in Edinburgh and has expertise in modelling and measuring building energy demand and in assessing climate mitigation approaches in existing buildings from technical, economic and social perspectives. He is the author of over 30 papers. Andrew is the co-founder and Technical Director of Energyflo, a company formed to develop novel building insulation technology.

LaurenceAlfred2013 VibekeAlfred2013

Laurence and Vibeke Alfred have been living and working in the Camphill Schools, Aberdeen for 35 years. For most of this time they have been house parents in a large household, sharing life with many children, youth, co-workers and their own three children. In recent years they have been foster parents, Laurence has been a counsellor and Coordinator of the schools whilst Vibeke has worked full time on a BA in Social Pedagogy.


Ruth (Baer) Lambach was born Mennonite and raised Hutterite but left her colony at the age of 16. For 22 years she worked with immigrants and refugees at Truman College in Chicago, as ESL teacher, Coordinator and Director. Ruth has been a member of the CSA since 1990, a Board member and the book review editor for Communal Societies. Her story 'Colony Girl' appears as a chapter in Women in Spiritual and Communitarian Societies in the United States, Chmielewski, Kern & Klee-Hartzell (Eds), Syracuse University Press, 1993.


Eveline Rodenburg is a naturopath, passionate about teaching people to use local herbs. She has been in the community for five years. Eveline works part-time in the Accounts Department of the Findhorn Foundation whilst also working with wild crafted herbal remedies.

Adriana Sjan Bijman

Adriana Bijman is a photographer, graphic designer and maker of photo products. She has lived 15 years in the Findhorn community and has been is self-employed for six years in her studio at 66 The Park. Adriana is passionate about flowers and travelling.


Katja Bratseth is a student of anthropology at University of Aarhus, Denmark. Last year she conducted ethnographic fieldwork in the Japanese ecovillage, Konohana Family. She is now writing her Master's Thesis based on the data she gathered, focusing on how the community is created as 'Social Place' through practice and narratives. Further, she is about to create an exhibition based on material from Konohana Family. This spring she undertook a course 'Rethinking Sustainability' aimed at examining theoretical and practical efforts at rethinking sustainability, economics and the meaning of development.


Hide Enomoto holds an M.A. in organizational development and transformation from the California Institute of Integral Studies. He is fluent in Japanese and English and holds cross-cultural workshops and teleconferences on new developments in the Japanese workplace, community building, and eco-villages. He is currently involved with the Transition Towns green metro movement there. Hide is author of Coaching (PHP, 1999) and translator of the Japanese edition of Jessica Lipnack's and Jeffrey Stamps' Virtual Teams.